A) Realtime Landscaping Architecture Software:

Realtime Landscaping Architecture 2014 will be taught during the symposium. Realtime Landscaping Architecture will help to design professional landscape plans and presentations, create photo-based designs, plan drawings, and even full 3D walkthroughs. You can impress your clients with detailed 2D and 3D landscape designs using Realtime Landscaping Architect 2014. Design complete landscapes including yards, gardens, swimming pools, ponds, decks, fences, patios, and much more. This software has 16,400 objects, including 7,200 high resolution plants which enthuses costumers.


B) Hydroseeding Technology in Modern Lawn Establishment:

Hydroseeding is a recent method of stablishing Lawn in wide areas with hard environmental conditions. In hydroseeding, grass seed is mixed with water, fertilizer, and fiber mulch. Then the slurry is sprayed directly onto the prepared seedbed. The mixture holds the seeds in place and helps retain moisture until roots are firmly established.


C) Common Grafting Methods of Conifers in Iranian Nurseries:

The commonly applied grafting methods for famous conifers in Iran will be discussed and grafting methods will be introduced.


D) Quantitative PCR:

A real-time polymerase chain reaction is a laboratory technique of molecular biology based on the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), which is used to amplify and simultaneously detect or quantify a targeted DNA molecule.

The procedure follows the general principle of polymerase chain reaction; its key feature is that the amplified DNA is detected as the reaction progresses in "real time". This is a new approach compared to standard PCR, where the product of the reaction is detected at its end. Two common methods for the detection of products in quantitative PCR are: (1) non-specific fluorescent dyes that intercalate with any double-stranded DNA, and (2) sequence-specific DNA probes consisting of oligonucleotides that are labelled with a fluorescent reporter which permits detection only after hybridization of the probe with its complementary sequence to quantify messenger RNA (mRNA) and non-coding RNA in cells or tissues.